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Acute Cerebral Disease Triggering Takotsubo Syndrome

Heart and Vascular Medicine. 2018;1(1):1
DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.hvm.2018.00090
Article Type: Letter to the Editor



  • Apical ballooning syndrome; neurogenic stress cardiomyopathy; subarachnoid hemorrhage; Takotsubo cardiomyopathy

In a recent article, Nasr et al. reported about the clinical characteristics and outcome of 34 patients with Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) triggered by cerebral disease and collected during five years from a neurological intensive care unit (NICU) [1]. We have the following comments and concerns.

We do not agree with the statement that little is known about cerebral diseases other than subarachnoid bleeding, which may trigger TTS [1]. There has been an extensive review of the literature about the central nervous system (CNS) diseases triggering TTS [2]. There are also a series of patients with TTS due to seizures or stroke. TTS has also been reported in association with intracerebral bleeding, migraine, encephalitis, traumatic brain injury, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis [2,3,4]. Cerebral disorders described in the present paper have already been previously reported to trigger TTS.

It is unclear if TTS was the indication for admission to the NICU or if the patients experienced TTS during their stay in the NICU. In case they all developed TTS after admission, we should be informed which cardiac manifestations led the treating physicians to suspect TTS. How many of the patients were under artificial ventilation and how was TTS recognised in this cohort?

Among the 13 patients with seizures “during hospitalisation”, it is also unclear if seizures triggered TTS or if they occurred after the onset of TTS. In case they were not the trigger of TTS, did seizures worsen TTS?

In the case of the 12 patients with arrhythmias, it would be interesting to know which types of arrhythmias were recorded and if treatment was required. At which stage of TTS did arrhythmias occur? Did arrhythmias trigger TTS in any case?

Three patients died during hospitalisation [1]. Did they die due to complications of the TTS, or due to complications from the neurological disorder, or due to other causes?

To diagnose TTS and rule out myocardial infarction, coronary angiography is necessary. Did all the 34 patients undergo coronary angiography and was the investigation truly normal in all patients?

In the majority of the cases, clinical, electrocardiographic, and echocardiographic manifestations of TTS resolve maximally within 10 weeks [5]. After which period did TTS resolve in the included patients and in how many of the definite TTS cases did the cardiac dysfunction not completely resolve?

Overall, this interesting paper could be more meaningful if more clinical data were added about the diagnosis, treatment, course, and outcome of TTS patients with cerebral triggers.


  1. Nasr DM, Tomasini S, Prasad A, Rabinstein AA. Acute brain diseases as triggers for stress cardiomyopathy: clinical characteristics and outcomes. Neurocrit Care 2017;27(3):356-361. PMID: 28612130; DOI: 10.1007/s12028-017-0412-9
  2. Finsterer J, Wahbi K. CNS disease triggering Takotsubo stress cardiomyopathy. Int J Cardiol 2014;177(2):322-329. PMID: 25213573; DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.08.101
  3. Cheah CF, Kofler M, Schiefecker AJ, et al. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in traumatic brain injury. Neurocrit Care 2017;26(2):284-291. PMID: 28000134; PMCID: PMC5334445; DOI: 10.1007/s12028-016-0334-y
  4. Murthy SB, Shah S, Venkatasubba Rao CP, Suarez JI, Bershad EM. Clinical characteristics of myocardial stunning in acute stroke. J Clin Neurosci 2014;21(8):1279-1282. PMID: 25022725 DOI: 10.1016/j.jocn.2013.11.022
  5. Mahajani V, Suratkal V. Broken heart syndrome. J Assoc Physicians India 2016;64(6):60-63. PMID: 27739268

Editorial Information

Publication History

Received date: July 02, 2018
Accepted date: July 09, 2018
Published date: December 03, 2018



Conflict of Interest



© 2018 The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY).

2nd Medical Department with Cardiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Vienna, Austria
2nd Medical Department with Cardiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Vienna, Austria
2nd Medical Department with Cardiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Vienna, Austria

Address: Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Postfach 20, 1180, Vienna, Austria