A 5-year-old girl presented with a hearing impairment on the left side. She had no history of otitis media in both ears. An otoscopic examination of the left ear showed a whitish mass behind an intact tympanic membrane in the posterosuperior quadrant. A hearing test of the left ear revealed a conductive hearing loss with air-bone gap of 32.5 decibels. A high-resolution computed tomography of temporal bone revealed a soft tissue mass in the attic and posterosuperior quadrant of the left middle ear. Transcanal endoscopic ear surgery (TEES) and a subsequent histopathology examination revealed a congenital cholesteatoma. This video demonstrates how to remove a congenital cholesteatoma using TEES. (A) The tympano-meatal flap was elevated, and cholesteatoma was identified. (B) After drilling the scutum, cholesteatoma was removed. (C) The incus was removed. (D) Residual cholesteatoma was removed. (E) Water irrigation of the middle ear. (F) The footplate and facial nerve were identified. (G) Scutum reconstruction by tragus cartilage and ossicle chain reconstruction by Total Ossicular Replacement Prosthesis (TORP). (H) Tympano-meatal flap was replaced. Abbreviations: C = cholesteatoma; Co = corda tympani nerve; I = incus; O = oval window; T = tragus cartilage; To = TORP; Tm = tympano-meatal flap.
Received date: May 13, 2017
Accepted date: May 26, 2017
Published date: May 26, 2017
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