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Annals of Case Reports and Images (ACRI)

Online ISSN: 2639-8133

Annals of Case Reports and Images (ACRI)

Annals of Case Reports and Images (ACRI) is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal published by SciTeMed Publishing Group. Annals of Case Reports and Images aims to serve as an important educational resource to enhance clinical outcomes and healthcare quality by disseminating a high volume of cases in all medical disciplines. ACRI provide a platform where healthcare professionals, researchers can easily find clinically important information on common and rare conditions.

Annals of Case Reports and Images covers all areas of medicine, nursing, dentistry, and biotechnology. ACRI is dedicated to publish quality case series, case reports, image visualization, innovative new work on image and graphics, case images, medical images such as anatomical and physiological. Annals of Case Reports and Images provides readers with critically peer-reviewed, carefully selected and up-to-date publications in the field of surgery. All the manuscripts submitted to ACRI will be subjected to peer-review by the Editors of the respective specialty section. The review process will be conducted by the handling editor alone or by collaborating with the outside experts. The decision will be finalized by the editor considering and analyzing the minimum of two independent reviewer’s comment. Authors may submit manuscripts and track the current status of their manuscript through the submission tracking system. Reviewers can download manuscripts and submit their comment to the editor through the same system, and editors can manage or monitor the whole submission/review/revise/publish process.

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Editorial Board

  • Murali Vettath, MD, MBBS, DNB, MCh, MNAMS, FIACS

    Senior Consultant & Chief, Department of Cardiovascular Thoracic Surgery & Transplantation
    Malabar institute of Medical Sciences
    India (भारत)

    Dr. Murali Vettath has immensely contributed to the field of beating heart surgery and to cardiac surgery at large. He has been one of the pioneers of off pump surgery, having performed the first beating heart surgery in Bangladesh. He has had extensive training in coronary artery surgery from Australia, Holland and Paris. Dr. Vettath has great treasure of achievement to his credit. He has invented a proximal anastomotic device used widely in beating heart surgery. Has recently developed-The SIMS.(simple Indian made stabilizer) which has been sent for patenting-( June 2015)-Performed more that 250 OPCABs with that so far. He had performed "two heart transplants" in 2015 at Kozhikode. He has also devised techniques of long mammary patch anastomosis for diffusely diseased coronary artery. He has fabricated many instruments and devices used in beating heart surgery. Dr. Vettath has delivered many lectures, presented research papers and published articles in national and international forums. He has received several awards and honors in recognition of his excellence. Dr. Vettath has been a front runner in the quest to perform 100% off pump surgeries for coronary artery bypass grafting and has been instrumental in starting OPCAB (off pump by surgery) in many cardiac centers.

  • Nikolaos Papanas, MD

    Associate Professor, Department of Internal Medicine-Diabetes Mellitus
    University of Thrace
    Greece (Ελλάδα)
    Dr. Nikolaos Papanas is Associate Professor in Internal Medicine-Diabetes Mellitus at Democritus University of Thrace, Greece. He has been specialized in diabetes and its complications in the Diabetes Center and the Diabetic Foot Clinic at King’s College Hospital, London, UK, as well as in the German Diabetes Center at the Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany. He has established an ongoing collaboration with the neuropathy study group of the German Diabetes Center in Düsseldorf. He has published more than 240 papers in peer-reviewed journals with more than 3000 citations. He serves in the editorial board of more than 40 international journals. He has also participated with numerous presentations in Greek and European medical congresses and repeatedly served as invited reviewer in medical journals. He has served in the Executive Committee of the Hellenic Society for Angiology. He is currently a member in the Executive Committee of the Study Group on Diabetes and Nervous System of the German Diabetes Association (DDG). He is also a member of the Executive Committee of the Greek Society for the Study of the Diabetic Foot. He has served as Secretary General and, until very recently, as President of the Hellenic Diabetes Association. He is now the President of the ethics and administrative committee of the Hellenic Diabetes Association. He is also Vice President of the Diabetic Foot Study Group (DFSG, of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD). He has recently become Visiting Professor, German Diabetes Centre, Düsseldorf. Finally, he is an honorary member of the Cypriot Diabetes Association and the Hungarian Diabetes Association.
  • Shashank Kumar, PhD

    Assistant Professor, Department of Centre for Biochemistry and Microbial Sciences
    Central University of Punjab
    India (भारत)

    Dr. Shashank Kumar is working as Assistant Professor at Center for Biochemistry and Microbial Sciences, Central University of Punjab, Bathinda, India. Dr. Kumar did BSc, MSc and PhD Biochemistry (2005-2014) from Department of Biochemistry, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, India. He worked as Postdoctoral Fellow at Department of Biochemistry, King George’s Medical University, Lucknow, India. Dr. Kumar has about 30 published scientific papers/reviews/editorial articles in various National/International peer reviewed Journals of repute. He edited several books such as “Concepts in Cell Signaling” etc. He has expertise in areas of Free radical biology, Cancer biology, Characterization of plant products, Xenobiotic metabolism, and Microbiology. Dr. Kumar is familiar with many biochemical techniques such as Spectrophotometry, ELISA, Electrophoresis, PCR, RT-PCR, Flow Cytometry, TLC, HPLC, LC-MS, Cell culture and Microbiological techniques. He has presented his research findings in more than 25 National/International Conferences and attended about 30 Workshop at the majority of major Universities and Medical Colleges throughout the India. Dr. Kumar is life time member of Italo-Latin American Society of Ethnomedicine, Indian Sciences Congress Association, India, and member of Asian Council of Science Editors, Dubai, UAE and Publication Integrity & Ethics, London. Dr. Kumar has been awarded Junior/Senior and Research Associate Fellowships formulated and funded by various Indian agencies such as Indian Council of Medical Research, University Grants Commission, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research India.

  • Nicolas Padilla-Raygoza, MD

    Department of Nursing and Obstetrics
    University of Guanajuato
    Mexico (México)

    Dr. Nicolas Padilla-Raygoza received his MD in 1984, he completed Postgraduate in Epidemiology in 2001 from the University of London. He received Master and Doctorate in Sciences (Epidemiology) from Atlantic International University. He received Master in Social Gerontology in 2016 and he is currently a Doctoral Candidate Doctor in Nutrition from the Universidad Internacional Iberoamericana. Dr. Nicolas Padilla-Raygoza has authored more than 70 academic articles and 12 book chapters. He has more than 25 thesis of Master Degree in Nursing. He is the Co-Director of two thesis on Doctorate in Nursing. His research interests include pediatrics, dysplasia of the hip in children, chronic and non-transmissible diseases, infectious diseases and geriatric medicine.

  • Shikha Rani, MD

    Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology
    Government Medical College & Hospital Chandigarh
    India (भारत)

    Dr Shikha Rani is currently Lecturer cum Antenatal Medical Officer at the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology from the Government Medical College & Hospital, Chandigarh, India. She has authored more than 15 acedemic articles and serves as journal referee for Indian Paediatrics, British journal of Medicine and Medical research, Asian Journal of Medicine.

  • Pietro Scicchitano, MD

    Department of Cardiology
    Hospital “F. Perinei” Altamura
    Italy (Italia)

    Dr. Scicchitano received his Medical Degree from the University of Bari, Italy, 2008. He completed an internship in the rehabilitation cardiovascular center “Istituto Codivilla-Putti” – Cortina D’Ampezzo, Italy in 2011. He is currently a member of the Working Groups on Atherosclerosis and Vascular Biology and Acute Cardiac Care and - European Society of Cardiology. Dr. Scicchitano is an active researcher with extensive publications, he authored more than 100 academic articles and serves in the Editorial Board for highly ranked academic journals.

  • Mehmet Çelik, MD

    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism
    Trakya University
    Turkey (Türkiye)

    Dr. Çelik is a researcher in the Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism at the University of Trakya Medical School in Edirne, Turkey. His research interests include genetic basis of endocrine diseases, particularly those involving the thyroid and parathyroid glands as well as obesity and neuroendocrine regulation of food intake and body weight, molecular basis of insulin resistance and type II diabetes, Gaucher’s disease, pituitary adenomas. Dr. Çelik's works focus on understanding the pathogenesis and the biology of thyroid cancers with the goal of identifying new molecular-based therapies. He is a member of Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism of Turkey, and the European Society of Endocrinology.


  • Mohammad Shariq Mukarram, MD

    Department of Internal Medicine
    Jinnah Medical College and Hospital
    Pakistan (‫پاکستان‬‎)
    Dr. Mukarram received his MBBS from Jinnah Medical and Dental College in 2015, His is a MRCP (UK) Post graduate trainee. He is currently working as Lecturer in the Department of Physiologyat at Jinnah Medical and Dental College. He is an active researcher. His research interest is primarily inclined towards Autoimmune Diseases. Dr. Mukarram also has a particular interest in Pulmonology.

Assistant Editors

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Early View

Current Issue

Volume 1, Issue 2

  • Continuous Muscle Relaxant Administration for the Management of Severe Tracheomalacia

    Management of children with severe tracheomalacia is very difficult. Most cases require mechanical ventilation; the mortality rate from severe tracheomalacia is as high as 80%. Crying is often triggered, the respiratory condition gets worse, and eventually, it leads to death. For severe cases, surgical treatment should be considered immediately. Meanwhile, the prevention of fatal attacks by medical treatment is indispensable while waiting for surgery. In this report, a method to manage the patients with severe tracheomalacia using muscle relaxant was discussed. Based on clinical experience, continuous administration of 7 μg/kg/min of rocuronium was required to prevent life-threatening cyanotic attacks. However, the infusion requirements of rocuronium would show patient-to-patient variability. Further, case reports and evaluation of the effectiveness of muscle relaxants for the treatment of severe tracheomalacia were required.

    Annals of Case Reports and Images. 2018;1(2):1
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.acri.2018.00087
    Article Type: Idea and Innovation
  • Eight-and-a-Half Syndrome Presented with Trigeminal Neuralgia

    Most isolated syndromes of Eight-and-a-Half Syndrome are associated with vascular etiology. Symptomatic trigeminal neuralgia due to infarction is rare. The author reports a patient with left-sided facial pain. It was followed by one-and-a-half syndrome with facial nerve palsy during the next day. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of his head revealed restricted diffusion in the left inferior pontine tegmentum neighboring the fourth ventricle extending ventrally. This case is the first report of Eight-and-a-Half Syndrome presented with recurrent attacks of unilateral facial pain, fulfilling criteria for classical trigeminal neuralgia.

    Annals of Case Reports and Images. 2018;1(2):2
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.acri.2018.00088
    Article Type: Case Report


  • Management of a Giant Cystic Mass in a Young Otherwise Healthy Woman

    Authors report a new perspective on the case of a 22-year-old female with no significant medical history who posed a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge; a giant cystic mass of the abdominal cavity.

    Annals of Case Reports and Images. 2018;1(1):1
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.acri.2018.00052
    Article Type: Case Report
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-β Gene Mutation: Brief Report and Review of Hepatic Involvement

    Authors report a young girl with an HNF1β mutation, who had a history of neonatal cholestasis, persistent liver dysfunction, and developed insulin-dependent diabetes without renal involvement. Further, authors review the literature related to the hepatic involvement associated with HNF1β mutations.

    Annals of Case Reports and Images. 2018;1(1):2
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.acri.2018.00054
    Article Type: Case Report
  • Granular Cell Tumor of Esophagus: A Rare Disease of the Esophagus

    Esophageal granular cell tumors (GCT) represent a rare entity of tumors of the esophagus. Patients with esophageal GCTs are usually asymptomatic, with the lesion most commonly presenting as an incidental finding on endoscopy. The GCTs of the esophagus are poorly understood in medical literature. It is unknown if they undergo malignant degeneration, whether the malignancy can be diagnosed preoperatively, and how the tumor can be managed. The authors evaluated the clinical and pathologic features of all esophageal GCTs at their institution to understand them better.

    Annals of Case Reports and Images. 2018;1(1):3
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.acri.2018.00076
    Article Type: Case Report
  • Management of Post-Traumatic Posterior Rectal Pouch Through a Posterior Approach

    Proximal fecal diversion is the treatment of choice in the cases of extra-peritoneal rectal injuries that are not amenable for primary repair due to their distant location or high grade. The posterior approach enables complete excision of well-defined abscess cavities that communicate with the rectal lumen with full-thickness repair of the rectal defect. An important privilege of pouch excision through the posterior approach was the preservation of rectal reservoir and the sensation that would have been compromised if proctectomy with coloanal anastomosis was alternatively performed.

    Annals of Case Reports and Images. 2018;1(1):4
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.acri.2018.00081
    Article Type: Case Report
  • Cardiac Arrest and Seizure Following Cannabis Overdose and Alcohol Withdrawal

    Cannabis remains one of the most universally abused recreational drugs. Cannabis abuse can have several cardiovascular adverse effects and an overdose can lead to cardiac arrest. Binge alcohol drinking and subsequent withdrawal in the background of cannabis overdose can lead to convulsion and QT prolongation leading to malignant arrhythmia. We report two cases of ventricular fibrillation complicated with seizure precipitated by cannabis overdose and alcohol withdrawal. Such serious clinical presentation complicated with cardiac arrest does not necessarily lead to a fatal outcome if timely medical attention and care are provided. Timely aggressive resuscitative measures combined with intensive care can lead to a successful outcome. Later on, psychiatric counseling and occupational and behavioral therapies can help them to live longer.

    Annals of Case Reports and Images. 2018;1(1):5
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.acri.2018.00082
    Article Type: Case Report