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Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery (AOHNS)

Holger Sudhoff(Editor-in-Chief) Murray Grossan, Meiho Nakayama(Honorary Editor-in-Chief)
Online ISSN: 2574-1535

Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery (AOHNS)

Holger Sudhoff(Editor-in-Chief) Murray Grossan, Meiho Nakayama(Honorary Editor-in-Chief)

Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery (AOHNS) is a branch of SciTeMed publishing group. AOHNS provides a new avenue for clinical investigators, clinicians, and trainees to publish their research. AOHNS is a journal with a vigorously, timely peer-review policy and a rapid publication process. AOHNS aims to bring about a change in modern scholarly communications to accelerate scientific discoveries and to help disseminate research to a wider readership, gain media attention and demonstrate professional achievement through publication. The mission of AOHNS is to promote research in science for the benefit of humanity and to advance the science and practice of otorhinolaryngology as well as head and neck surgery. AOHNS is a reliable journal with a scope of high-quality science information that will lead in terms of attracting the best possible science that can provide the best impact.

The content area of AOHNS is broad, and it will encompass all of the subspecialties of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. Subject areas include, but are not limited to, general otolaryngology, allergy, rhinology, otology, neurotology, laryngology, bronchoesophagology, head and neck surgery, sleep medicine, pediatric otolaryngology, facial plastics and reconstructive surgery, oncology, and communicative disorders. AOHNS features original research, analyses and reviews, news, practice updates, thought-provoking editorials, expert opinion articles, forward-looking perspectives, commentaries, image, and book reviews. The journal will also accept contributions that present innovative and improved methods, or resources that advances basic research with broad interests. AOHNS embraces new and emerging trends quickly by periodically publishing special issues.

Holger Sudhoff, MD, PhD, FRCS (London), FRCPath (London)

Professor Holger Sudhoff completed his training on otolaryngology, head and neck surgery in June 2000. During his training, he has had exposure to a broad spectrum of otorhinological procedures, as well as more specialized areas described below. As a fellow, he gained invaluable basic science research and laboratory skills. He has had broadened surgical experience by operating both independently and within a team framework. His passion for teaching has created an atmosphere receptive to learning. His Skull-Base fellowship in Cambridge provided him with outstanding skills in that surgery as well as insights into the NHS structure. In his current post, he has undertaken all the administrative, teaching and on-call duties associated with a professorial chairmanship in a busy teaching hospital serving a population of eastern Westphalia in Bielefeld. This post has provided Professor Sudhoff with the opportunity to gain vast experience at the level of executive responsibility and to gain further insight into all management issues and public relations, pertaining to running an ENT unit, such as organization and prioritization of operating lists, outpatient clinics and overseeing all financial developments. Professor Holger Sudhoff and his team have created one of the largest German ENT units over the last 10 years. In February 2013 Professor Sudhoff co-founded the German Skull Base Center in Bielefeld treating currently 120 major skull base cases annually. Professor Sudhoff served as President of the West-German ENT society in 2015 and was elected for Focus magazine of “Top Medical Doctors” for Otorhinolaryngology in Germany in 2013 to 2017. He was elected as a board member of Politzer Society in July 2015 in Niigata, Japan.

Clinical Experience

Professor Sudhoff worked with Professor Henning Hildmann and Professor Jan Helms, his otology supervisors, leading otologists / lateral skull base surgeons at the Bochum and Würzburg Universities.  During Professor Sudhoff training and work as a Consultant, Professor Sudhoff has a extensive experience in middle ear procedures. He has participated as an invited lecturer in many national and international courses performing live surgery. Professor Sudhoff has received further training in the management of lateral skull base tumours and acoustic brainstem implants (ABI) in Cambridge, UK under the supervision of Mr. David Moffat, Mr. Patrick Axon and Mr. Robert Macfarlane (Neurosurgeon). Professor Sudhoff organized the multidicipinary skull base meetings as well as the NF2 clinics. He received training in all aspects of middle ear and skull base surgery, and reached the stage of developing independently new procedures (e.g. Balloon Eustachian Tuboplasty) in middle-ear surgery and in the management of all diseases of lateral skull base pathologies). He has developed the cochlear implant service in Bielefeld  and started an implantable hearing devices program for active middle ear implants  and bone anchored hearing aids During a humanitarian medical trip to Egypt in 01/2011 he treated several patients with gunshot injuries. Additionally, Professor Sudhoff along with the neurosurgeon Pofessor Falk Oppel supports a humanitarian project initiated by Professor Henning Hildmann in Ruanda, Africa and in the Ukraine.

Professor Sudhoff has received extensive training in the management of benign and malignant head and neck disease. He is competent and confident in performing a wide range of head and neck surgical procedures, ranging from thyroid and parotid surgery to managing tertiary referral oral and oropharyngeal tumours, and complex transfacial approaches for malignant skull base disease in both adult and paediatric patients. The latter includes midfacial degloving (e.g. for angiofibroma’s), lateral pharyngotomy as well as maxillary swing and other facial disassembly approaches. He also received extensive training in transoral laser microsurgery for primary and post-radiation-failure management of head and neck cancers. With regards to reconstruction, while he prefers to work in a multi-disciplinary team with plastic surgeons.

Research Experience

Professor Sudhoff has developed many research protocols from planning to implementation, publication and finally leading to a change of clinical practice. He was able to establish two research laboratories (Bochum University and Bielefeld) and generated the funding for both labs without intramural funding. Professor Sudhoff has experience in tissue processing, cell culture, ELISA, Radio-Immunoassay, Gel Electrophoresis, Transmission Electron Microscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy, Immune Electron Microscopy, Molecular Biological Techniques such as m-RNA/DNA Extraction, Reverse Transcription, PCR, Mircoarray analysis, In-situ hybridisation, genetic probe analysis and zymography. Additionally he established a temporal bone dissection laboratory.

Professor Sudhoff has been successful in obtaining appropriate ethical and grant approvals of several Million Euros, the latter from numerous sources, both at a formal Scholarship Level to National Research Agency (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, DFG. Professor Sudhoff has also been involved in several multi-centre clinical trials as well basic science research resulting in more than 190 publications in peer reviewed journals, 43 book chapters and 6 books. The overall impact factor now 400 and there is a Hirsch index of 27. Research on Eustachian tube dysfunction led directly to the development of the novel technique of balloon dilation tuboplasty (BET), which is now scattered worldwide. Several research projects are currently performed in Bielefeld, also in cooperation with Harvard University, USA and Cambridge University, UK. Professor Sudhoff is on the editorial board of 12 peer reviewed journals.

Holger Sudhoff, MD, PhD, FRCS (London), FRCPath (London)
Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
Bielefeld Academic Teaching Hospital, Muenster University, Bielefeld, Germany

Murray Grossan, MD

Dr. Murray Grossan received his medical degree from Medical College of Georgia School of Medicine and has been in practice for more than 20 years. In addition to authoring academic articles, Dr. Grossan has authored some half a dozen books that stress Prevention, Natural Cures, Drugless Relief and Avoiding Surgery.  

Dr. Grossan is a consultant for: Los Angeles County District Attorney, U.S. Department of Labor, Freemont Insurance, Water and Power, Industrial Indemnity, Los Angeles City, L.A. County, Culver City, Manhattan Beach, and others President, Los Angeles Chapter of Phi Lambda Kappa Medical Fraternity. He was awarded the Certificate of Merit for the Scientific Exhibit "Nasal Mucociliary Flow", by American Medical Association

Dr. Grossan is an expert in bio-feedback and teaches his patients his action program which includes using a mirror as a bio-feedback mechanism.  He is known for original thinking, especially for drug free therapies he has developed for tinnitus, empty nose syndrome, allergy, sinusitis and others.

Murray Grossan, MD
Honorary Editor-in-Chief
Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery
Board Certified Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
Cedars Sinai Hospital Medical Towers
8631 W. 3rd Street Suite 440 E, Cedars Sinai Hospital Medical Towers,
Los Angeles, USA


Meiho Nakayama, MD, PhD

Prof. Meiho Nakayama was graduated from Aichi Medical University, Nagoya, Japan in 1985. He completed his residency and obtained a PhD degree in 1992. He spent three years (1992-1995) working as a visiting professor and research fellow in the Department of Otolaryngology, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, USA with Prof. Horst R. Konrad, Dr. Robert Helfert, and Dr. Leonard Rybak. Prof. Nakayama specializes in vestibular function, rehabilitation, and basic research of vestibular organs. After returning from the USA, Prof. Nakayama established a sister school relationship between Aichi Medical University and Southern Illinois University and continued a good relationship with numerous students and researchers. Prof. Nakayama became Assistant Professor (1995-2001) and Associate Professor (2001-2007) in the Department of Otolaryngology, Aichi Medical University. During this time (2000-2007), he was also engaged as the Associate Director with the Sleep Center of Aichi Medical University.

Prof. Nakayama moved to the Department of Otolaryngology, Nagoya City University as Associate Professor from 2008 to present and established the Good Sleep Center as its Chief Director. Since then, He started new research on sleep disorders. In addition to equilibrium research, he combined his skills in otoneurology and discovered a new relationship between otoneurological diseases and sleep disorders. Since he could speak Japanese, English, Taiwanese, and Chinese, he was invited for teaching and research cooperation, and also received researchers from Asian countries such as Xian Jiotong University and Dalian Medical University China. Recently, he has been engaged as a visiting professor with the Sleep Medicine Center and the Department of Otolaryngology, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan. Rarely in the history of medical science, as a physician working on both otoneurology and sleep medicine, he is creating a new medical field connected with the two mysterious diseases.

Clinical Experience

After completion of his PhD degree on vestibular function and microscopic research of the vestibular organs, Professor Nakayama was trained as an otology surgeon under Prof. Isao Takimoto, Professor Horst Konrad, and Professor Shinzo Murakmi, and had experienced more than a thousand ear surgeries. Since the establishment of Good Sleep Center, he had focused on sleep apnea surgeries, especially for children. In 2010, he cooperated with Prof. David Gonzal in the Department of Pediatrics, University of Chicago, and discovered seasonal changes on sleep apnea children that offered new information for surgical indication internationally in 2013.

Prof. Nakayama spent most of his time on vestibular research for the last thirty years. While he worked with Professor Horst Konrad at the School of Medicine, Southern Illinois University, the group paid attention to working on vestibular rehabilitation that was not recognized well in 1992. Prof. Nakayama attended vestibular teaching courses as a lecturer and played an important role in publishing the rehabilitation textbook, entitled Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy for the Patient with Dizziness and Balance Disorders: Exercise Protocols, with the Southern Illinois University group at that time. Prof. Nakayama is a good friend of Dr. John Epley and supported his research for Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo to complete the study on OMIAX chair in 2002. He is a leader and takes more than a thousand dizzy patients a year in his clinic with a balanced group in Nagoya City University Hospital. Prof. Nakayama has been the Chief Director of the Good Sleep Center since 2010 and has brushed up on his skills in sleep apnea surgeries. He also discovered a new research on both balance and sleep medicines.

Prof. Nakayama has identified several patients with Meniere's disease who suffered from sleep disorders. Attracted by this new topic, he was invited by the American Academy of Otolaryngology Society to introduce his new research in the balance disorders series in the journal entitled Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery in 2013. In clinical practice, he has focused on sleep apnea. A polysomnogram test was performed in more than 400 patients annually, with most of the cases sleep disorders such as hypersomnia, circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders, or sleep-related movement disorders. Recently, his group has not only reported a new finding on the relation of globus pharyngeus and sleep disorders, but also offered a new expectation between otolaryngology and sleep disorders to all otolaryngologists in the world.

Meiho Nakayama, MD, PhD 
Honorary Editor-in-Chief
Chief of Good Sleep Center, Nagoya City University, Japan
Associate Professor of the Department of Otolaryngology, Nagoya City University, Japan

Deputy Editors

  • Ryan H. Sobel, MD

    Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
    Johns Hopkins Head & Neck Surgery, Greater Baltimore Medical Center
    United States
    Dr. Sobel earned his medical degree from the Drexel University College of Medicine and completed his fellowship at Johns Hopkins Hospital for Advanced Training in Head and Neck Oncologic Surgery. Dr. Sobel specializes in benign and malignant tumors of the head and neck, including thyroid and parathyroid glands, salivary glands, tongue and oral cancers, throat cancer, larynx, neck masses, and advanced skin cancers such as malignant melanoma. Dr. Sobel is fellowship-trained in TransOral Robotic Surgery and minimally invasive surgical approaches in head and neck surgery. He is also a published author and frequent presenter on topics involving head and neck surgery and research.
  • Dalbir Singh Grewal , MD, MS, DLO, FACS, FIAO

    Professor & Head, Department of Otolaryngology
    Topiwala National Medical College & BYL Nair Charitable Hospital
    India (भारत)
    Professor Dalbir Singh Grewal was appointed as Chief of Department of E.N.T at Topiwala National Medical College & BYL Nair Charitable Hospital, one of the foremost public medical colleges in India. During his 18 years of service, he had conducted numerous surgical workshops, and organized various national conferences. He also authored a surgical atlas and numerous international academic publications. Prof. Grewal's dedication to medical care, education, research and public service has significantly impacted the delivery of healthcare in Mumbai and around the nation.
  • Chin-Lung Kuo, MD, PhD

    Chief, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
    Taoyuan Armed Forces General Hospital
    Taiwan (台灣)

    Dr. Chin-Lung Kuo is the Director of the Department of Otolaryngology, Taoyuan Armed Forces General Hospital, Taiwan, ROC. Dr. Kuo received his medical degree from the National Defense Medical Center and earned his PhD degree at the Institute of Brain Science, National Yang-Ming University, Taiwan, ROC. He completed his otolaryngology residency, chief residency, and fellowship training at the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan, ROC. Dr. Kuo continues to make contributions to the scientific community. His primary field of study is otology, and his research is focused on middle ear surgery and hearing loss. Dr. Kuo has been invited to speak at international conferences and institutes. Dr. Kuo has been the first or corresponding author on more than 50 published articles in the last 5 years, including SCI original papers, review articles, as well as book chapters. In 2012, his research paper was chosen as the cover story of the journal Audiology and Neurotology. In addition, Dr. Kuo received the Outstanding Paper Award from the Laser Medicine Education and Research Foundation in 2013, and was awarded the 2015 Hayashi SPIO (Society for Promotion of International Otorhinolaryngology) Scholarship in Japan. Dr. Kuo believes that increased availability of research data can benefit both medical research and science education. For further details regarding his research, please use the following link to access his blog.

Editorial Board

  • Kátia de Freitas Alvarenga, PhD

    Professor, Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology
    University of São Paulo
    Brazil (Brasil)
    Dr. Alvarenga earned her Speech, Language Pathology and Audiology Degree from University of Sagrado Coração, Brazil (1987) and her Doctor´s Degree in Human Communication Disorders - Speech Pathology and Audiology Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil (1997). During 1999-2000 period she attended the Post Doctorate Program in Audiological assessment in children at the University of Manchester, England and Electrophysiology at the University of Michigan - USA. Since 1992, Dr. Alvarenga is a Professor with Speech, Language Pathology and Audiology Department, University of São Paulo, campus Bauru – São Paulo, Brazil. Currently, she is the Leader of the Research Group Audiological Research Center accredited at Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico-CNPq (2015 to the present date) and President of Brazilian Academy of Audiology (2015-2017). Her research interests include Newborn hearing screening, audiologic assessment in children, Auditory evoked potential, Plasticity and development of central auditory system, cochlear implant.
  • Weihua Wang, MD, PhD

    Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
    Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine
    China (中国)
    Dr. Wang completed his MD & PhD at Tongji University, and his otolaryngology residency at Eye & ENT Hospital of Fudan University. Dr. Wang joined in the Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery at Shanghai East Hospital and currently serves as assistant professor and postgraduate tutor of Tongji University. Dr. Wang also serves as a member of Expert Committee of Combine Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Otolaryngology Branch and Youth Committee of Pudong Medical Association Otolaryngology Branch. He clinically focuses on head and neck cancer, endoscopic sinus surgery, endoscopic skull base surgery, and neurotology. His research interests include clinical outcomes of endoscopic skull base surgery, immunoregulation in allergic rhinitis, and novel topical therapies for chronic rhinosinusitis and allergic rhinitis.
  • Mohamed Khamis Tolba Abdalla, MD, MS, MRCS (London)

    Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
    Imam Abdulrahman Al Faisal Hospital
    Saudi Arabia (‫المملكة العربية السعودية‬‎)
    Dr. Mohamed Khamis Tolba Mahmoud Abdalla has been credentialed as an Assistant consultant of ENT at National Guard Health Affairs at KSA, he had been working in Alexandria university hospitals as a specialist registrar for two years after finishing three years training program to fulfill the requirement of the university to get the certificate of completion of surgical training. Academically, he got a Master degree in Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery from Alexandria University in 2014, and passed the final exam of MRCS (ENT) to become a member of the Royal College of Surgeon Of England in the same year, immediately after that he has been enrolled in University of South Wales as a postgraduate student of Master of Education; focused on medical education, especially ENT education, tomedical students. In medical research, he conducted a large research project it is “Effect of loading of the central part of the Tympanic Membrane on the Pure Tone Audiometry” and published several article from it in several peer reviewed journals. He, also, has several projects in medical education particularly ENT education. Dr. Abdalla has extensive academic experiences in Learning & Teaching with ICT, Managing Learning Teaching & Assessment and Understanding Learning Difficulties & Disabilities.
  • Ferlito Alfio, MD, DLO, DPATH, FACS

    Department of Surgical Sciences
    University of Udine
    Italy (Italia)
    Professor. Alfio Ferlito graduated in medicine at the University of Bologna in 1968. He completed his residence programme in otolaryngology and subsequently in pathology. He was the Director of the Department of Surgical Sciences at the University of Udine School of Medicine and the Chairman of the ENT Clinic at the same University. He is currently the Coordinator of the International Head Neck Scientific Group. Prof. Ferlito has collaborated in writing articles, editorials, commentaries, consensus statements, letters to the editor, special issues, book chapters and books with 638 international experts.
  • Sudipta Chandra, MD, MS

    Professor, Department of OtoRhinoLaryngology, Head Neck, CranioMaxilloFacial, Sleep & Skull Base Surgery
    Belle Vue Clinic & Hospital, Kolkata
    India (भारत)
    Dr. Sudipta Chandra is a Professor, Department of OtoRhinoLaryngology, Head Neck, CranioMaxilloFacial, Sleep & Skull Base Surgery, Belle Vue Clinic & Hospital, Kolkata, INDIA. Dr. Chandra finished his OtoRhinoLaryngology residency from Moti Lal Nehru Medical College Allahabad in 2005. Dr. Chandra has received an AMA Certification for Manuscript Review for AOHNS & JAMA Otolaryngology in 2007. Dr. Chandra has received an AOCMF Certification from Bern, Switzerland in 2014. Dr. Chandra has completed the ‘Fellowship in Sleep Medicine and Sleep Surgery’ conducted by Dr. Kenny Peter Pang at Asia Sleep Centre, Singapore in 2015. Dr. Chandra got selected as an Education Committee Member of the esteemed “World Sleep Society”, 2016. Dr. Chandra completed his Skull Base Surgery & Advanced FESS training from Singapore General Hospital, Singapore in 2017. Clinical wise, Dr.Chandra works in the field of Endoscopic Sinus Surgery, Rhinoplasty, Phonosurgery, Head Neck Surgical Oncology, Vertigo Management, Sleep Medicine & Sleep Apnoea Surgery, CranioMaxilloFacial Trauma, etc. He has published many articles, presented many papers in India, UAE, Bangladesh etc. Dr. Chandra has been a Live Surgical Faculty in India and Bangladesh.
  • Maria Fernanda, PhD

    Associate Professor, Department of Speech and Hearing Therapy
    University of São Paulo
    Brazil (Brasil)
    Maria Fernanda received her bachelor's degree in Speech and Hearing Therapy and Master in Communication Disorders. She earned her Ph.D. in Rehabilitation Sciences from the University of São Paulo(2007) and postdoctoral degree from the Faculdade de Medicina de São Paulo (2015). She is an associate professor in the Department of Speech and Hearing Therapy and a counselor at the Postgraduate Program in Speech and Hearing Therapy at the University of São Paulo.
  • Balwant Singh Gendeh, MBBS, MS(ORL-HNS)UKM, MA(Mal), FAMM, FASc

    Department of Otorhinolaryngology
    Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
    Dr. Balwant Singh Gendeh is a senior consultant ENT surgeon with sub-speciality interest in Rhinology namely Allergy, Sinonasal diseases, Endoscopic sinus, Anterior and Ventral Skull Base Surgery and Functional and Cosmetic Nasal Surgery. He was a research registrar in ENT at the Royal Infirmary, Middlesborough, United Kingdom in 1993 and subsequently JW Fulbright Scholar at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center(UPMC), Pittsburgh, USA in 1997. During his Fulbright experience, he also worked at Hospital University of Pennsylvania(HUP), Philadelphia and St Joseph’s Hospital, Chicago, USA sub-specializing in Rhinology, Reconstructive Skull Base Surgery and Aesthetic Nasal Surgery. Dr BS Gendeh retired as a senior consultant ENT Surgeon at the National University of Malaysia Medical Center(UKMMC) and presently is a Visiting Professor at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head Neck Surgery at UKMMC and as a resident ENT Consultant at Pantai Hospital Kuala Lumpur since 2014. Due to his great contribution to the academia in research and clinical publication, he was elected Fellow of Academy of Sciences Malaysia in April 2016.
  • Seden Akdagli, MD

    Department of Anesthesiology
    SUNY Downstate Medical Center, New York
    United States

    Dr. Akdagli is a physician at the Department of Anesthesiology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, New York. She received her medical degree from Cerrahpasa Medical School, Istanbul; completed her training in Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery (OHNS) at Goztepe Training Hospital Department of OHNS, Medeniyet University. Following her specialty training she practiced medicine at Tuzla Public Hospital, Istanbul and Etlik Training and Education Hospital, Ankara for two years. She was a visiting scholar at Stanford Department of OHNS between 2013-2016 with a focus on plastic surgery and rhinoplasty. During this time she also developed a keen interest in anesthesiology and from 2015 collaborated and worked together simultaneously with Stanford Department of Anesthesiology and Stanford Department of OHNS while authoring and co-authoring many peer reviewed publications in plastic surgery, rhinoplasty and anesthesiology. Her clinical interests focus primarily on critical airway management. She is married and has one child. Her hobbies include yoga, hiking and cooking techniques in authentic Asian and Mediterranean cuisine.

  • Hu Hua, MD, PhD

    Shanghai Jiaotong University.
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
    China (中国)

    Dr. Hu is an ENT specialist in the ENT-HNS department of Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong university. He has obtained his MD & PhD from The Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University in 2011, and accomplished the resident training in Eye & ENT hospital of Fudan university in 2013. His primary clinical interest is endoscopic sinus and skull base surgery. His research interests include the basic and clinical research of chronic rhinosinusitis, allergic rhinitis, olfactory dysfunction, and skull base tumors.

  • Norhafiza Mat Lazim, MD, MS, MBBS

    Department of Otorhinolaryngology
    Hospital University Sains Malaysia
    Dr. Norhafiza Mat Lazim is a consultant otorhinolaryngologist at Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia. She obtained her MBBS from The University of Queensland, Australia in 1999. She had her Master of Medicine in Otorhinolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery from Universiti Sains Malaysia in 2012. Subsequently she completed a Clinical Fellowship in Head and Neck Surgical Oncology at Antoni van Leeuwenhoek – Netherland Cancer Institute (AVL-NKI), Amsterdam, The Netherlands in 2014. She had also completed six months of Clinical Observership at VUMC, Free University Hospital, in Amsterdam. She has a strong interest in head and neck surgery and head & neck oncology and had regular subspecialty and combined ORL-Oncology clinics as well as performing most of the head and neck surgery such as salivary gland surgery, thyroid surgery, oral cavity, larynx and pharyngeal surgery. She had acquired several short term grants on head and neck diseases and tumours. She is one of the co-researcher for a multicentre clinical trial on carcinoma of the tongue that based in the United States. She has in total of 20 publications in peer reviewed journals. She is one of the reviewers for the Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine. She has presented both oral and poster internationally and locally.
  • Neelam Sathe, MD, PhD

    Associate Professor, Department of ENT & Head Neck Surgery
    SETH GS Medical College and Kem Hospital
    India (भारत)
  • Alberto Deganello, MD, PhD

    Associate Professor, Department of Otolaryngology
    University of Florence
    Italy (Italia)
    Dr. Alberto Deganello completed his PhD degree from the University of Florence in 2011. He is an associate professor in Otolaryngology at the University of Florence. Dr. Deganello's research interests focus on major oncologic resections and reconstructions with free flaps and pedicled flaps, and on head and neck oncology and surgical oncology.
  • Mohammad Waheed Mohammad El-Anwar, MD, Ms

    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
    Zagazig University
    Egypt (‫مصر‬‎)

    Dr. Mohammad Waheed Mohammad El-Anwar is an assistant professor and consultant in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck surgery from Zagazig University, Egypt. He received his Masters’ degree in Otorhinolaryngology from Zagazig University in 2008.

  • Hee-Young Kim, MD, PhD

    President, Kim Ear, Nose and Throat Clinic
    South Korea (대한민국)
    Dr. Hee-Young Kim currently serves as President of Kim ENT Clinic and as a member of the advisory committee for the Korean Medical Association. Previous roles include director of Shinil Ear, Nose and Throat Clinic, co-director of Koh Ear, Nose and Throat Clinic, attending otolaryngologist at An-Yang Hospital and Chung-Ang University Hospital, and consulting physician for NHN Corporation. An alumnus of Chung-Ang University, Dr. Kim has earned a Master of Science and Ph.D. in pathology, and an MD in medicine. His professional affiliations include the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, and the Korean Society of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery. Notably, Dr. Kim has published in a variety of journals, including the Global Journal of Otolaryngology and the Journal of Otolaryngology-ENT Research; he has covered such topics as Eustachian tube catheterization, and the reciprocal causal relationship between laryngopharyngeal reflux and Eustachian tube obstruction.
  • Raúl González-García, MD, PhD, FEBOMFS

    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial-Head and Neck Surgery
    University Hospital Infanta Cristina
    Spain (España)
    Dr. Raúl González-García M.D., Ph.D, FEBOMFS is Oral and Maxilllofacial-Head and Neck Surgeon in Spain. He obtained his PhD degree in Medicine and Surgery in 2011 at the Autónoma University of Madrid School of Medicine. Dr. García currently works as Consultant Surgeon at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital Infanta Cristina, Badajoz, Spain. He serves as an Editor-in-Chief of Plastic and Aesthetic Research, Assistant Director of Revista Española de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial, Permanent Member of the Reviewer Commitee of International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in the section of TMJ Surgery, Contributing Editor of Current Research in Dentistry Dr. García has authored more than 140 publications,16 chapters in books of the Speciality, and he is author of the text book "Reconstrucción Maxilomandibular Compleja: Microcirugía, Distracción Ósea e Implantes dentales".
  • Luca D’Ascanio, MD

    Department of Otolaryngology
    Carlo Poma Civil Hospital
    Italy (Italia)

    Dr. Luca D’Ascanio received his medical degree from Campus Bio-Medico University of Rome. He attended the preceptorship in Otology, Ear and Lateral Skull Base Surgery at the “House Ear Institute & Clinic”, Los Angeles (California, USA) under the supervision of Prof. A. De La Cruz in 2006. He then worked as an ENT specialist at Città di Castello Civil Hospital between 2007 and 2010. He expanded his experience in Laryngeal - Head & Neck Surgery, working as a full-specialist at the Department of Otolaryngology -Vittorio Veneto Laryngeal Cancer Center in 2010-11. In 2012 he was called to work at the Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery of “Carlo Poma” Civil Hospital of Mantova, where he is in charge of the ENT cancer center.

  • Mehmet Şentürk, MD

    Department of Otolaryngology
    Konya Education and Reseacrh Hospital
    Turkey (Türkiye)
    Dr. Mehmet Şentürk received his medical degree from Ege University Medical School. He currently works as a specialist physician at Private Konya Hospital. He has been a member of academic staff in the Konya Education and Research Hospital since 2013.

Assistant Editors

    Coming Soon...

Early View

  • Comparable Specimens for Lipid-Laden Macrophage Index: Pediatric Tracheal Aspirate Versus Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid

    The study assesses the correlation between lipid-laden macrophage index in tracheal secretions (tLLMI) acquired at the time of direct laryngobronchoscopy (DLB) with the bronchoalveolar LLMI (aLLMI) collected via flexible bronchoscopy. Assessment of lipid-laden macrophages within bronchoalveolar lavage fluid has been proposed to be diagnostically helpful in evaluation of tracheobronchial inflammation. However, measurement requires flexible bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage, which can be associated with oxygen desaturation and post-operative fever. Quantification of lipid-laden macrophages in tracheal material has not been explored. The study demonstrates that the LLMI in tracheal aspirates collected at the time of DLB correlates with that of aspirates measured directly from the lower airways.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2021;5(1):2
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2021.00144
    Article Type: Original Article
  • Illness Perceptions, Psychological Distress and Coping Strategies as Predictors of Quality of Life After Radiotherapy in Head and Neck Cancer Patients

    The study aims to assess the predictive values of certain psychological factors on the quality of life in patients with Head and Neck Cancer after radiotherapy. The authors conclude that the identification and the understanding of the depressive symptoms of patients, their beliefs about their illness as well as their coping strategies may provide the basis for timely implementation of appropriate intervention that may improve the quality of life in patients.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2021;5(1):1
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2021.00143
    Article Type: Original Article

Current Issue

Volume 4, Issue 3

  • Need for Re-classifying the Rare Condition of Ectopic Hamartomatous Thymoma Based on Tumor Analysis

    Ectopic hamartomatous thymoma is a rare neoplasm with classic anatomical location and characteristic histological and immunohistochemical features. Awareness of ectopic hamartomatous thymoma is essential to accurately diagnose these lesions which clinically mimics lipoma. Based on the morphologic and immunophenotypic features, the authors stress the need to discontinue the existing term of ectopic hamartomatous thymoma and replacing it with suitable nomenclature that aptly denotes its phenotype and possible histogenesis. The authors propose a new terminology “Triphasic Epithelial Myoepithelial Mesenchymal Branchial Anlage Tumor” as it encompasses three important constituents of the lesion (epithelial, myoepithelial, and mesenchymal) and its possible histogenesis in relation to branchial remnants.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2020;4(3):1
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2020.00136
    Article Type: Case Report


  • Myths of Tinnitus

    Joseph Campbell has explained many of the ancient and current myths and how they reflect our emotional needs. But the myths surrounding tinnitus are causing harm because doctors are not offering patients therapy that is available and patients are not seeking these therapies.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2017;1(1):1
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2017.00002
    Article Type: Editorial
  • Therapeutic Approach to Mucociliary Disorders

    Disorders of mucociliary clearance (MCC) occur from thickening of the mucus so that cilia function is impaired. Or cilia may be impaired directly, as in chlorine exposure. Increased attention to MCC will aid in the reduction of antibiotic abuse.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2017;1(1):2
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2017.00010
    Article Type: Editorial
  • Mucocele of the Blandin-Nuhn Glands

    Complete extirpation of the mucocele may be guaranteed by performing surgical excision of the lesion along with the associated glandular components to avoid recurrences. This is because the Blandin-Nuhn glands are not encapsulated, but are embedded to the musculature of the anterior tongue ventrum.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2017;1(1):3
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2017.00011
    Article Type: Image
  • A Rare Cause of Chronic Cough in Children: Lingual Thyroid

    Clinicians should remain on high alert for oropharyngeal masses while evaluating chronic cough patients. When a mass lesion is observed in the tongue base, ectopic lingual thyroid must be considered in the differential diagnosis, and the diagnosis must be verified using USG and scintigraphy. It is important to pay more attention to a local irritation that is related to the increased physiological demand for thyroxine during puberty and pregnancy.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2017;1(1):4
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2017.00012
    Article Type: Case Report
  • Vertigo due to Eustachian Tube Dysfunction

    A comprehensive understanding of the mechanism underlying vertigo is essential to elucidate the reciprocal causal relationship between laryn-gopharyngeal reflux and Eustachian tube obstruction.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2017;1(1):5
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2017.00017
    Article Type: Editorial
  • Presence and Quantity of COX-2 in Lymph Node Metastases of Patients with Head and Neck Cancer

    COX-2 expression in primary lesions, as well as lymph node metastases, appears to identify HNSCC patients at higher risk in all tumor sites. Adjuvant therapeutic approaches targeting COX-2 might be a promising tool in this patient population.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2017;1(2):1
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2017.00024
    Article Type: Original Article
  • Transcanal Endoscopic Ear Surgery for Congenital Cholesteatoma: A Preliminary Report

    The present study demonstrated that TEES could be a satisfying alternative to traditional microscopic surgery for the management of congenital cholesteatoma, even in pediatric patients. However, one-handed surgery demands greater skill and requires more practice to achieve a good outcome.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2017;1(2):2
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2017.00025
    Article Type: Original Article
  • Nasal Aging and Rejuvenation

    Nasal aging is a continuous process that may alter the organ aesthetics and physiology, causing great distress to patients. Current nasal rejuvenation techniques allow minimally invasive corrections with minimum downtime, consistent and natural results, and should be in the armamentarium of trained specialists.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2017;1(2):3
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2017.00026
    Article Type: Review Article
  • Medication Enhancement

    In every double blind clinical study of therapies, a certain percentage of subjects obtain the same benefit from a placebo, as with the real drug. Using today’s advanced brain imaging; we can identify the specific centers that supply the healing effect when it is a placebo. To augment therapy, reduce the amount of drug use and speed time of healing, the authors suggest to utilize the known principles of placebo physiology.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2017;1(2):4
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2017.00029
    Article Type: Editorial
  • Clinical Evaluation of Flexible Nasoendoscope Decontamination

    This article is to evaluate the clinical efficacy of Anioxyde 1000 (5-minute clinic process) and automated-washer (30-minute centralized process) in FNE decon-tamination, and to examine the bio-burden of the FNE following its use.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2017;1(2):5
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2017.00034
    Article Type: Original Article
  • Increased Risk of Depression in Patients with Cholesteatoma

    Newly discovered epidemiological evidence linking cholesteatoma to depression suggests that routine screening and monitoring of psychological status among cholesteatoma patients is warranted. Policies aimed at the early detection and timely treatment of comorbid depression following diagnosis with cholesteatoma could enhance health promotion and disease prevention.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2017;1(3):1
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2017.00038
    Article Type: Original Article
  • Cholesteatoma Mimicking Facial Neurinoma: A Case Report

    Authors reported a case of cholesteatoma that mimicked facial neurinoma. To avoid confusion in such cases, diffusion-weighted MRI may be useful in preoper-ative differential diagnosis.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2017;1(3):2
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2017.00039
    Article Type: Case Report
  • Eustachian Tube Dysfunction in Patients with Localized Amyloidosis of the Nasopharynx and Eustachian Tube

    Authors present two cases of dilatory Eustachian tube dysfunction caused by localized nasopharyngeal amyloidosis.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2018;1(3):3
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2018.00050
    Article Type: Case Report
  • Can a Surgical Technique Be a Risk for Post-tonsillectomy Haemorrhage? Our Point of View

    Controversies have recently arisen regarding post-operative haemorrhagic complications in relation to the surgical procedures adopted for tonsillectomy. The authors set out to verify the relationship between surgical techniques and post-operative haemorrhage based on the analysis of data derived from multi-centric studies.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2018;1(3):4
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2018.00057
    Article Type: Original Article
  • An Unusual Nasal Mass: The Sinonasal Teratocarcinosarcoma

    This case reports a 40-year-old male patient with right sinonasal teratocarcinosarcoma. It is a rare malignant lesion with extremely aggressive and commonly recurrent nature. The average survival period is less than two years.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2018;2(1):1
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2018.00061
    Article Type: Case Report
  • Empty Nose Syndrome: When the Nose Is Worse After Surgery

    It is normal to have impaired mucociliary clearance after any nasal/sinus surgery. Despite cleansing and antibiotics, infections may occur. However, in the patients with unusual distress, complaints of insufficient air, being unable to breathe – consider ENS – Empty Nose Syndrome.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2018;2(1):2
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2018.00065
    Article Type: Editorial
  • Novel Otolaryngology Simulation for the Management of Emergent Oropharyngeal Hemorrhage

    Using a safe and controlled simulation environment, authors develop an effective and realistic oropharyngeal bleeding mass scenario that was well received by participants in preparing them for real life scenarios.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2018;2(1):3
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2018.00068
    Article Type: Idea and Innovation
  • Adjuvant Pain Control Using Parental Intramuscular Ketorolac in Office Rhinology Procedures

    IM ketorolac appears to be a safe non-opioid pain control measure that can be used with any topical and infiltrative local anesthesia regimen with or without sedation. It can potentially provide increased pain control resulting in a more pleasant experience for the patient and surgeon, and in patients undergoing more extensive rhinology procedures and anxious patients concerned about pain. Providing additional pain control with IM ketorolac in selected patients could be a significant variable allowing completion of planned office rhinology procedures in unexpectedly difficult cases. A well-designed clinical pain control study using IM ketorolac for office rhinology procedures has merit and should be performed, but until this occurs IM ketorolac is an option for the otolaryngologist that can be implemented now for those who desire an additional safe pain control measure.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2018;2(1):4
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2018.00080
    Article Type: Rapid Communication
  • Recalcitrant Hypocalcemia in Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Patients After Parathyroidectomy: Successful Management With Gastrostomy Tube Placement

    Authors present a case report of a patient with history of RYGB who underwent thyroidectomy and parathyroidectomy with postoperative development of severe recalcitrant hypocalcemia. Hypocalcemia was managed conservatively initially but subsequently required gastrostomy tube placement with successful resolution of hypocalcemia.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2018;2(1):5
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2018.00086
    Article Type: Case Report
  • Laryngopharyngeal Reflux: An Update

    Otolaryngologists and gastroenterologists seem to differ in their definitions and management of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). In this review article, the author suggests a multidisciplinary approach to LPR diagnosis. Based on the latest findings, the author proposes an algorithm to facilitate the assessment and management of LPR.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2019;3(1):1
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2019.00094
    Article Type: Review Article
  • Large Non-Infectious Granulomatous Adenitis in Children Needs Surgical Excision for Cure

    The Authors report four non-tuberculous granulomatous lymphadenitis cases with temporal and geographic clustering, unresponsive to medical management that warranted modified neck dissection to facilitate cure.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2019;3(1):2
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2019.00096
    Article Type: Case Report
  • An Unusual Foreign Body Within the Pterygopalatine Fossa: A Case Report

    Air gun injuries normally present with a wide variety of clinical forms from minor to life-threatening injuries. The rare case of an air gun pellet retained in the pterygopalatine fossa has the risk of immediate or delayed haemorrhage as illustrated by our patient. Gunshot injuries must be considered as potentially life-threatening and raising awareness regarding its potential threats are required in order to minimize the air gun injuries, especially in children.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2019;3(1):3
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2019.00100
    Article Type: Case Report
  • Head and Neck Juxtacortical Chondrosarcoma: A Systematic Review

    This is a case report with a comprehensively systematic review on juxtacortical chondrosarcoma in the head and neck area (HNJCS). According to the study, only nine cases of HNJCS have been adequately described. HNJCS have relatively consistent clinical and diagnostic profile regardless of location in the body. Surgical management yields excellent outcomes with low recurrence rates.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2019;3(1):4
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2019.00107
    Article Type: Review Article
  • Current State of Surgical Simulation Training in Otolaryngology: Systematic Review of Simulation Training Models

    The review article presents an expansive list of otolaryngology-specific surgical simulation training models as described in Otolaryngology literature as well as evaluates recent advances in simulation training in Otolaryngology.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2019;3(1):5
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2019.00109
    Article Type: Review Article
  • Management of Persistent Pediatric Cervical Lymphadenopathy

    The aim of the study was to characterize children with asymptomatic cervical lymphadenopathy including natural history, radiologic and pathologic findings, and provide guidance in diagnostic and therapeutic intervention and follow-up.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2020;4(1):1
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2020.00121
    Article Type: Original Article
  • Acid Reflux Increases Susceptibility to Laryngopharyngeal and Oropharyngeal Cancers

    Establishing a relationship between a benign disorder and a malignant disease has a certain influence on clinical practice. Clinicians need to remain vigilant with patients with acid reflux disorders and rule out the possibility and presence of head and neck cancer.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2020;4(1):2
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2020.00123
    Article Type: Editorial
  • ALK+ Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor of the Tongue in a Neonate Treated With Crizotinib

    The authors present a case of a neonate born with an enlarging tongue mass whose biopsy revealed IMT with ALK positivity. Treatment included tumor debulking and an ALK inhibitor, crizotinib, which resulted in complete remission.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2020;4(1):3
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2020.00124
    Article Type: Case Report
  • Auditory Evoked Potential in Patients with Tinnitus

    Auditory evoked potentials provide a non-invasive means by which to record the electrical signals of neural activities from the scalp, thus provide a useful tool for the evaluation of auditory disorder, such as tinnitus and hearing loss.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2020;4(1):4
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2020.00125
    Article Type: Perspective, Opinion, or Commentary
  • Differentiated Thyroid Cancer: Management and Treatment in a Community Hospital and Guidelines to Lower Morbidity

    Total thyroidectomy and adjuvant RIT followed by a suppressive dose of levothyroxine are the established therapeutic procedures of choice for DTC. The treatment of DTC has changed from a one size fits all standard to a more individualized approach. The use of less complete surgery as well as decision to use RIT and the dose administered are to be considered carefully in the treatment of DTC. Surveillance for very low risk DTC is an acceptable option. The aim to lower morbidity, lower the cost of treatment and improve patient quality of life is attainable using these principles.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2020;4(1):5
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2020.00126
    Article Type: Original Article
  • Functional Swallowing Outcomes in Transoral Robotic Surgery Patients With and Without Adjuvant Treatment

    Dysphagia is an important consequence of cancer treatment and has overarching implications on quality of life. Using the FOIS, we demonstrated that swallowing function may be worse in the long term in patients with OPSCC undergoing triple therapy, although this finding did not reach statistical significance. This study emphasizes the importance of diligent selection in patients undergoing TORS to avoid poor functional swallowing outcomes, particularly in those that may need adjuvant chemoradiation therapy. A study with a larger sample size may determine the significance of these trends.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2020;4(2):1
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2020.00127
    Article Type: Original Article
  • Blockchain Technology and Healthcare Applications

    This article describes how blockchain technology can be used in several key data-driven healthcare areas, including health care records, health claims, interoperability, patient access, and supply chains.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2020;4(2):2
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2020.00129
    Article Type: Perspective, Opinion, or Commentary
  • Voice, Cough, and Diurnal Breathing Problems and Quality of Life in Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    The study identifies how current voice, cough, and daytime breathing problems affect mental and physical quality of life in obstructive sleep apnea patients, as well as how the combination of voice, cough, and diurnal dyspnea impacts quality of life.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2020;4(2):3
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2020.00132
    Article Type: Original Article
  • The Utility of Barium Swallow Studies for Evaluation of Pharyngocutaneous Fistula After Total Laryngectomy

    The authors review the accuracy of barium swallow studies in the assessment of post-laryngectomy pharyngocutaneous fistula. The findings are significant in that they will help guide practitioners in swallow assessment decision making and perhaps lead to a standardized protocol.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2020;4(2):4
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2020.00133
    Article Type: Original Article
  • Dangers of a False Sense of Security in a Huge Mastoid Cholesteatoma With Skull Base Erosion and Cerebrospinal Fluid Leakage

    The author reports a case involving a 59-year-old man with delayed presentation of a huge mastoid cholesteatoma complicated by skull base erosion and cerebrospinal fluid leakage. Delayed presentation of this disease entity can have negative health consequences for patients. Regular otologic examinations, audiologic follow-up, and imaging examinations are viewed as the most effective strategies for the prevention of this type of situation. Early recognition of cholesteatomas is essential, as appropriate and timely treatment can prevent this rare comorbid condition from becoming fatal.

    Archives of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2020;4(2):5
    DOI: 10.24983/scitemed.aohns.2020.00134
    Article Type: Case Report